Download The Science of Subjective Well-Being by Michael Eid, Randy J. Larsen (eds.) PDF

By Michael Eid, Randy J. Larsen (eds.)

This authoritative quantity reports the breadth of present clinical wisdom on subjective wellbeing and fitness (SWB): its definition, factors and effects, dimension, and useful functions that can aid humans develop into happier. prime specialists discover the connections among SWB and quite a number intrapersonal and interpersonal phenomena, together with character, wellbeing and fitness, dating pride, wealth, cognitive strategies, emotion legislation, faith, kin existence, university and paintings reports, and tradition. Interventions and practices that improve SWB are tested, with awareness to either their merits and barriers. The concluding bankruptcy from Ed Diener dispels universal myths within the box and offers a considerate schedule for destiny examine.

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Also influential have been “happy slave”-type worries concerning adaptation: Desires adapt to the possibilities people face, so that the aspirations of those with modest prospects tend likewise to be modest. Oppressed women, for instance, can content themselves with being treated like property. Merely getting what they want would, it seems, leave them with impoverished lives (Elster, 1983; Nussbaum, 2000b; Sen, 1987). Authentic Happiness Theories L. W. Sumner’s authentic happiness view is meant to rectify the most serious difficulties with hedonistic and desire theories while retaining their emphasis on subjective experience and individual sovereignty (Sumner, 1996, 2000).

Such theories include those of Brandt, 1979; Hare, 1981; Harsanyi, 1982; Rawls, 1971; and Sidgwick, 1966. ) These variants predominate, because many find it intuitively obvious that we don’t gain from the satisfaction of desires that are grounded in ignorance or irrationality. Desire theories have a number of attractions, one being that they forge an obvious link between agents’ welfare and their motives. Moreover, they are extremely flexible, able to accommodate the full range of goods that people seek in their lives.

Sometimes virtue seems not so beneficial, as in a talented philosopher whose excellence brings little satisfaction. And sometimes the unvirtuous really do seem to flourish. A related point is that Aristotelian accounts may seem to accord too marginal a role for pleasure and other aspects of subjective well-being. Although truly virtuous activity is indeed counted pleasant by Aristotelians, the pleasure apparently matters simply as a “completion” or by-product of excellence, a congenial bonus attending what really matters.

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