By John E. Randall
This new version of Shore Fishes of Hawai‘i updates our wisdom of Hawaiian fishes and has been elevated to incorporate 372 species. All are illustrated by means of the author’s 475 tremendous photos. an important features to spot a fish are given in addition to the dimensions attained and its distribution. each one species account starts with the yankee universal identify, by means of the Hawaiian identify (when known), and the clinical identify. since it is important to take advantage of a few clinical terminology while giving the vital diagnostic features of households or species of fishes and what they devour, a convenient word list seems to be in the back of the ebook prior to the Index.
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Extra resources for Shore Fishes of Hawai'i, Revised edition (A Latitude 20 Book)
Indo-Pacific. LOWFIN SCORPIONFISH Scorpaenodes parvipinnis (Garrett, 1864) Color variable, often salmon pink with faint dark bars; sometimes a very broad white bar at front and middle of body; dorsal spines short, the longest less than eye diameter; dorsal rays XIII,9; pectoral rays 17–19; longitudinal scale series about 50. Reaches 5 inches (13 cm). Indo-Pacific, on reefs from the shallows to at least 160 feet (49 m). SHORTSNOUT SCORPIONFISH Scorpaenopsis brevifrons Eschmeyer & Randall, 1975 Color highly variable; a blackish spot usually present near middle of spinous portion of dorsal fin; snout short with a steep profile; fourth to sixth dorsal spines longest; dorsal rays XII,9; pectoral rays 18–20; longitudinal scale series about 45.
KELLOGG’S SCORPIONFISH Scorpaenodes kelloggi (Jenkins, 1903) Mottled brown and whitish with obscure bars; suborbital ridge usually with 3–4 spines; dorsal rays XIII,8; pectoral rays 18–19; longitudinal scale series about 30. Reaches 2 inches (5 cm). IndoPacific; not uncommon but rarely seen, due to both its camouflage and tendency to hide. indd 56 12/15/09 4:48:34 PM Scorpionfishes CHEEKSPOT SCORPIONFISH 57 Scorpaenodes littoralis (Tanaka, 1917) Mottled brownish red with 4 squarish dark brown blotches along back below dorsal fin; a dark brown spot on operculum behind preopercle; dorsal rays XIII,9; pectoral rays usually 18–19; longitudinal scale series about 45.
Only two species are known from Hawaiian waters, the common Hawaiian Anchovy and the Buccaneer Anchovy (Encrasicholina punctifer); the latter is wide-ranging and usually found offshore. HAWAIIAN ANCHOVY nehu Encrasicholina purpurea (Fowler, 1900) Greenish on back with a broad lateral silvery stripe; belly rounded, usually without prepelvic scutes (E. punctifer has 3–6 needle-like scutes before the pelvic fins). 1 cm). Hawaiian Islands; occurs inshore, often in brackish bays. Important as a tuna baitfish.