By Adam, B., Groves, C.
Destiny issues matters modern techniques to the longer term - how the long run is understood, created and minded. In a social international whose speed maintains to speed up the longer term turns into an more and more tough terrain. whereas the focal point of social existence is narrowing right down to the current, the futures we create each day solid ever longer shadows. "Future issues" addresses this paradox and its deep moral implications. It locates modern ways to the long run in a much wider sociological and ancient framework of practices, strains variations and continuities, and exhibits how modern practices of futures-construction make taking accountability for futures all yet most unlikely.
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While we acknowledge the importance of Luhmann’s distinction, we take our analyses of the relation in rather diﬀerent directions. the future told 29 are interested merely to establish the principles upon which futures are told, the methods employed and the assumptions on which predicting and forecasting practices are based. Both the past and the present seem to be abandoned in favour of the future when it comes to the contemporary practice of projection. Projection refers to an intention made public before the fact or event.
As far as we are aware it was ﬁrst developed by Niklas Luhmann in his The Diﬀerentiation of Society (1982: 281) where he suggests that the present future is rooted in an utopian approach whilst the future present is technologically constituted. The two provide us with diﬀerent options for behaviour: present futures for prediction and future presents for action that transforms future presents into present presents. While we acknowledge the importance of Luhmann’s distinction, we take our analyses of the relation in rather diﬀerent directions.
All that is air congeals into form, becomes tangible and real. We can take responsibility for our dreams and aspirations projected into products and processes. We can accompany latent, immanent, interconnected process-worlds of our making to their realizations sometime, somewhere. CHAPTER TWO THE FUTURE TOLD Introduction “Knowledge of the future is a contradiction in terms”, writes Bertrand de Jouvenel (1967: 5). Yet, despite this contradiction, futures have been told since time immemorial and forecasting the future is something we still do on a daily basis.