By Burton MacDonald
This quantity is a handy instrument for all these attracted to the positioning of territories and websites attested within the Bible as "East of the Jordan" i.e. what's now the Hashemite nation of Jordan. It provides the background of the identity of every biblical web site and indicates the main most likely situation according to info supplied by way of the biblical textual content, extra-biblical literary info, toponymic concerns and archaeology. the quantity treats all territories and websites of Hebrew Scriptures in Transjordan from the "cities of the plains" (eg Soddom and Gomorrah), the Exodus itineraries, and the territories and websites of the Israelite tribes (Reuben, Gad, and part Manasseh), to Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Gilead.
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Extra info for East of the Jordan: Territories and Sites of the Hebrew Scriptures (ASOR Books)
The segment of this zone, which is immediately east of the highlands and at times close to the fields and farming villages, is often referred to as steppeland and is more often pastoral than agricultural. In times of drought, the Bedouin moved from the desert to these steppes where dry grass provides pasture land (Hütteroth and Abdulfattah 1977: 62). The arid or desert zone of Jordan receives less than 50 mm precipitation per year (fig. 4). Moreover, the distribution is extremely erratic from year to year, and there is a strong tendency for much of it to come in heavy storms during the transitional seasons (Baly 1974: 61–62).
If so, then Zoar in Arabia ought to be located at the southern extremity and Sodom along the eastern shore of the sea. Le Strange summarizes the scholarly debate on the part of Arab geographers relative to the location of Zughar (= Zoar) (1965: 286–87). 7 Le Strange states, however, that Arab geographers were unanimous in placing Zughar at the southern extremity of the Dead Sea, thus confirming the position of Josephus, followed by Eusebius and Jerome in the Onomastikon, who speak of the Dead Sea as stretching from Jericho in the north to Segor in the south.
30– 38) (Speiser 1964: 97). Genesis 14 narrates a campaign of four eastern kings against the rebellious kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Bela (= Zoar). The rebels joined forces in the Valley of Siddim, that is, the Dead Sea 48 / “East of the Jordan” (v 3),2 which contained bitumen/slime pits (v(v) 10–11). After the rebels’ defeat, the victorious kings took Lot hostage (v(v) 11–12). Abraham came to his nephew’s assistance, defeated the alliance of the eastern kings (v 15) and rescued Lot (v 16).