By Timothy Jay
This can be the 1st severe and vast exam of yankee cursing from a psycholinguistic-contextual standpoint. numerous box reviews and diverse laboratory-based experiments concentrate on the connection among cursing and language acquisitions, anger expresssion, gender stereotypes, semantics, and offensiveness. Censorship, language content material of movies, First-Amendment scuffling with phrases, sexual harassment, obscene telephone calls, and cursing at public faculties are analyzed and on the topic of sociolinguistic and psycholinguistic information. Many tables of word-by-word information supply empirical proof of frequency of prevalence, measure of offensiveness, gender of speaker and age of speaker affects on obscene language utilization in the US. A "must" for language reference collections.
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Extra info for Cursing in America: A psycholinguistic study of dirty language in the courts, in the movies, in the schoolyards and on the streets
It is important to state that the research in the chapter was derived from natural settings and not in laboratory settings. This language reflects children's speech in day to day living. These data are intended to provide a data base or foundation not only to understand child speech but to understand how these early uses are related to adult personality, emotionality, sexuality and interaction with the world. Eventually psychologists need to answer these questions: when do the first dirty words emerge?
Breaking the rules can result in physical punishment, such as a slap in the face or having a mouth washed out with soap. Denial of privileges is also used when s/he is sent to the room, denied television privileges, or sent to bed early. American parents face a contextual problem: a double standard is clearly present in the minds of many fathers. They readily admit to using one language with the guys at work and another at home. Fathers and mothers, too, use one language with their sons and another with daughters.
Parents and others around the child may respond to this use in a number of ways. They may tend to the assumed needs of the infant in a nonaggressive manner. They may laugh at the child or smile, rewarding the word, or become angry and physically or verbally punish the child. The reactions provide 20 CURSING IN AMERICA the emotional background that make some words more powerful and tension-filled than others. Sometimes dirty word use is not conventional, as the following example illustrates. A neighbor has a two-year-old who uses the term mutz for penis.