Download Controlling the Morphology of Polymers: Multiple Scales of by Geoffrey R. Mitchell, Ana Tojeira PDF

By Geoffrey R. Mitchell, Ana Tojeira

This publication makes a speciality of controlling morphology of other scales for polymers. The authors clarify the necessity for profitable keep watch over of morphology to yield goal macroscopic actual houses within the software of polymers to assorted components corresponding to engineering fabrics, nanodielectrics and photonic crystals. The e-book combines really expert chapters with an creation to the morphology of polymers and the variety of experimental concepts to be had to judge it.

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Additional info for Controlling the Morphology of Polymers: Multiple Scales of Structure and Processing

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Fig. 3 PEEK crystallized from times stated (a) cooled after crystallization (b) reheated directly from the crystallization temperature (Reproduced with permission from Al-Raheil, Thesis, 1987) take place over the timescale of the experiment (Plans et al. 1984). Lemstra et al. (1972) previously studied this behaviour and used the DSC not only as an analytical technique, but to prepare small specimens with precise thermal history. Some early authors, particularly those working on poly ether ethyl ketone (PEEK), interpreted the secondary crystallization peak, which occurs just above the crystallization temperature, as being a primary crystallization peak which was subject to melting and reorganization during the scan.

Macromolecules 19 (7):1868–1876 Coleman JN, Khan U, Gun’ko YK (2006) Mechanical reinforcement of polymers using carbon nanotubes. Adv Mater 18(6):689–706 Crist B (2013) Chapter 3: structure of polycrystalline aggregates. In: Piorkowska E, Rutledge G (eds) Handbook of polymer crystallization. Wiley, Hoboken de Rosa C, Auriemma F (2013) Crystals and crystallinity in polymers: diffraction analysis of ordered and disordered crystals. Wiley, Hoboken Dettenmaier M, Fischer EW, Stamm M (1980) Calculation of small-angle neutron scattering by macromolecules in the semicrystalline state.

Blends such as these display either upper or lower critical solution temperatures, depending on the specific kind of interaction between the two polymers (Tambasco et al 2006). 14 shows the case of a two-component blend with a lower critical solution temperature (LCST). The figure shows (upper panel) the free energy of the system as a function of composition at a chosen temperature T0, and (lower panel) the phase diagram for the system. Between the inflexion points S0 and S00 the curve is concave upwards, and the mixture will spontaneously separate into components of compositions B0 and B00 .

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