By Kathleen Marie Higgins
This ebook bargains a full of life and unorthodox research of Nietzsche through analyzing a missed element of his scholarly personality--his humorousness. whereas usually considered ponderous and depression, the Nietzsche of Higgins's research is a shockingly refined and light-hearted author. She offers a detailed examining of The homosexual technology to teach how the various literary hazards that Nietzsche takes show humor to be important to his venture. Higgins argues that his use of humor is meant to dislodge readers from their traditional, somber detachment and to incite innovative pondering.
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Additional resources for Comic Relief: Nietzsche's Gay Science
The suggestion that Nietzsche finds value in prayer certainly does not accord with his popular image. And it may seem incompatible with many of his statements. His remarks on prayer are typically critical. In Part III of Thus Spoke Zarathustra, for instance, Zarathustra chides the "apostates" who return to religion after losing heart in their atheism: "But it is a disgrace to pray! Not for everybody, but for you and me and whoever else has a conscience in his head too. "77 Zarathustra does exempt ordinary people from this criticism, but only from the standpoint of dismissing them as outsiders to his spiritual elite.
45 Koelb, I think, makes 26 COMIC RELIEF better sense of the passage when he draws attention to the deeper significance of Nietzsche's wordplay—the traversing of perspectives and the transformation of trifles into insights: Nietzsche implies, though he does not explicitly say, that the philosopher's task must in part be to take what is familiar and to see it as a problem. How does one do that? How does one "defamiliarize" the familiar? I borrow the language of Russian Formalism here, not to imply any kinship between that movement and Nietzsche's work, but to suggest the fundamentally literary and rhetorical dimensions of the issue.
The new codes of chivalric morals were explicitly in opposition to the morals of the church, particularly those concerned with sexuality. John Boswell observes that homosexual behavior was notorious in Provence, and that homoerotic sentiment was explicit in some of the poems of the troubadours. "18 Even more conspicuously, relationships between men and women were reconsidered and reconstructed in the Provencal court. According to some of the troubadours' poems, judicial "courts of love" in several locations tried cases in which amour was involved.