By Nigel Harris, Ida Fabricius
This paintings addresses the problem confronted within the administration of significant towns through the international as they comply with monetary reform and, particularly, to changing into extra open to the methods working in around the globe markets. Such methods have already had a few dramatic results on huge towns in constructed and constructing international locations - the speedy decline in production in older business towns and the emergence of the servicing urban are yet of the extra impressive results. in keeping with big case reports of towns within the constructed and the constructing global - Sheffield, Barcelona, Lille, Mexico urban, Monterrey, Santiago de Chile, Bogota, Kingston Jamaica and Johannesburg - subject matters are drawn out, extending from structural monetary switch to coverage reactions, new urban projects, administration, making plans and finance.
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Extra info for Cities And Structural Adjustment
Washington DC: World Bank. Lipton, M. van der Gaag 1993. Including the poor. Washington DC: World Bank, Mohan, R. 1994. Understanding developing metropolises: lessons from the city study of Bogotá and Cali, Colombia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Nijkamp, P. ) 1990. Sustainability of urban systems: a cross-national evolutionary analysis of urban innovation. Avebury: Aldershot. Pugh, C. 1995. International structural adjustment and its sectoral and spatial impacts. Urban Studies 32(2), 261–85.
Different interests—government, the technicians, trade unions, employers and so on—interpreted the term in different ways in the short and long term. The politicians looked at issues in terms of the next election, but technicians wasted much time trying to persuade them of long-term remedies without much political pay-off. Sometimes the outcome contradicted our normal assumptions—in S o Paulo, the government was trying to end the planning process and its own planning agency, but private business was coming to the defence of planning; the private club of bankers argued forcefully that, unless S o Paulo was systematically improved, it would lose its central business district functions to Rio de Janeiro or Buenos Aires.
M. Rajapatirama 1993. Boom, crisis and readjustment: the macroeconomic experience of developing countries. New York: World Bank/Oxford University Press. Lustig, N. 1992. Mexico: the remaking of an economy. Washington DC: Brookings Institution. Renaud, B. 1995. The 1985–94 global real estate cycle: its causes and consequences. Policy Research Working Paper 1452, World Bank (Financial Sector Development Department), Washington DC. W. Belot 1990. Export catalysts in low-income countries: a review of eleven success stories.