By H. Crocker
This e-book argues that Chaucer demanding situations his culture's mounting obsession with imaginative and prescient, developing a version of 'manhed' that blurs the excellence among company and passivity in a standard gender binary.
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Additional resources for Chaucer’s Visions of Manhood
As I suggested earlier, Bacon enables his vision of mutuality by linking the eye to the soul in his objective account of vision. In his interpretive exposition of perspective’s importance to divine wisdom, he makes this connection figuratively explicit. Recalling his scientific account of ocular anatomy, Bacon claims the eye’s complex structure is “the literal exposition. ”53 The scientific observations of optics, it is worth repeating, constitute the “literal exposition” [litteralis expositio] of spiritual truths expressed through figures of seeing.
Unironically, she counsels her husband to seek advice from other men, showing that her agency operates in order to secure her husband’s inclusion in the community of masculinity that sets itself up as universal. When that community assembles, however, it is clear that men cannot agree, or that when they do, their SEEING GENDER’S ASPECTS 37 accord is not born of wisdom. Although a few sage members of the masculine congregation advise Melibee against war, they are a minority, which indicates that manly will collectively leans more toward rash violence than careful negotiation.
Vision’s wholesale alteration was galvanized by Neoplatonic interventions like those of Grosseteste, but it was vastly expanded by the incorporation of Greek and Arabic learning into the work of later writers such as Witelo (c. ), and John Pecham (c. 25 SEEING GENDER’S ASPECTS 21 Arguably the most important of these writers, often collectively referred to as the perspectivists, was the English Franciscan Roger Bacon (c. 28 It is the spiritual importance of this science, furthermore, that more clearly connects his writings on optics to the dynamics of visibility and agency that literary expressions explore.