By James Wright, Matt Leivers, Rachael Seager Smith, Chris J. Stevens
This book offers the result of 12 excavations in the Cambourne improvement sector, a brand new cost at the clay 'uplands'to the west of Cambridge. The excavations printed proof for intermittent human profession of the Cambourne panorama from at the very least the center Bronze Age to the current day yet generally of heart Iron Age to Romano-British date. From the center Iron Age, the Cambourne panorama was once settled through small farming groups occupying roundhouses, set inside enclosures associated by way of droveways to wide box platforms. except the biggest and most complicated web site investigated, at decrease Cambourne, the past due Iron Age turns out to have visible anything of a recession with abandonment of past settlements most likely due to elevated waterlogging making farming much less attainable. From the center of the first century advert, new settlements such as roundhouses set inside enclosures and box platforms emerged. 3 'placed deposits' comprised pewter vessels, glass vessels, and the iron parts of a plough. inventory elevating and a few arable cultivation appear to have shaped the most parts of the economyand payment could have persisted into the early fifth century There seems then to were a hiatus until eventually the twelfth or thirteenth century while the full zone used to be taken into arable cultivation leaving the ever present strains of medieval ridge and furrow agriculture.
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Additional resources for Cambourne New Settlement: Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement on the Clay Uplands of West Cambridgeshire (Wessex Archaeology Report)
It contained the skeleton of an adult male aged c. 40 50 years, laid supine, although there was no trace of the skull and upper cervical vertebrae and this probably represents a decapitation burial. The grave cut two large pits (80418 and 80421). Pit 80421 contained a human femur from another adult, possible male, which had been gnawed by a dog showing that it had been exposed on the surface for at least a short time before burial. In turn, the grave was cut by pit 80458, The site lay at c. 56 m aOD on the east side of a spur between two streams at the southernmost tip of the Development Area, centred on NGR 532195 258240 (Figs 1 and 2).
56 m aOD on the east side of a spur between two streams at the southernmost tip of the Development Area, centred on NGR 532195 258240 (Figs 1 and 2). It was only 50 m from a small stream to the east, the closest of any of the Cambourne sites to an existing watercourse. The site comprised a rectangular area 150 m by 80 m (c. 2 ha), and at the time of the excavation was set-aside land. This could explain the lack of post-holes or drip-gullies, indicative of settlement, within the excavated enclosures.
2 ha measuring approximately 52 m by 42 m. Nine sections were excavated across the ditch, three of which could not be completed due to flooding. Those excavated near a droveway at the north-west showed a steep-sided, slightly rounded V-shaped profile. Along the southern and eastern sides of the enclosure the profile was wider and less steep sided. There were no gaps in the ditch to indicate the location of an entrance, suggesting the entrance lay outside the site to the north-east, although there may have been some form of access from the north-west, associated with a droveway (see below).