By Jose R Oliver
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Extra info for Caciques and Cemí Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory)
The so-called Estilo Intermedio (also named Macao, Punta, or Atajadizo) has been found in association with either or both the Anadel and Boca Chica styles (see Figure 5), with the latter being the immediate precursor of the historic Taíno pottery. In northwestern Hispaniola the presumably earlier Meillac style (Meillacan Ostionoid series) has been found in the same stratigraphic contexts as the later Boca Chica/ Carrier styles, and at contact period sites, such as around La Isabela (Deagan and Cruxent 2002).
Tibes seems to have been replaced by, or perhaps even competed with (at least for some time), another multiple court site known as Jácana (PO-29), located in the Barayama sector, just four kilometers up the Portugués River. Jácana is a recent discovery that will substantially contribute to our understanding of Puerto Rican pre-Columbian history. S. Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) in a property managed by the Department of Natural Resources and Environment–Puerto Rico (Espenshade and Siegel 2007).
This term was also used when addressing strangers of high rank, such as Christopher Columbus (see Oliver 1998:66). Such distinctions of deference and rank do not necessarily translate di- 26 Chapter 2 rectly into a three-tiered hierarchical political structure consisting of paramount caciques and chiefdoms and second- and third-tiered caciques and their smaller, subordinated cacicazgos. , Behechio of Bainoa-Xaraguá or Guarionex in Maguá-Caiabó), their political power and authority were hardly those of an absolute ruler or despot; thus the subordination of other caciques seems to be more a matter of contestation and political wheeling and dealing than is generally recognized.