Download Caciques and Cemí Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers by Jose R Oliver PDF

By Jose R Oliver

Cemís are either transportable artifacts and embodiments of individuals or spirit, which the Taínos and different natives of the higher Antilles (ca. advert 1000-1550) considered as numinous beings with supernatural or magic powers. This quantity takes an in depth examine the connection among people and different (non-human) beings which are imbued with cemí energy, particularly in the Taíno inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. The relationships handle the $64000 questions of identification and personhood of the cemí icons and their human “owners” and the results of cemí gift-giving and gift-taking that sustains a posh internet of relationships among caciques (chiefs) of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.
 
Oliver presents a cautious research of the 4 significant types of cemís—three-pointed stones, huge stone heads, stone collars, and elbow stones—as good as face mask, which offer an engaging distinction to the stone heads. He unearths facts for his interpretation of human and cemí interactions from a severe evaluate of 16th-century Spanish ethnohistoric files, particularly the Relación Acerca de las Antigüedades de los Indios written through Friar Ramón Pané in 1497–1498 below orders from Christopher Columbus. Buttressed via examples of local resistance and syncretism, the quantity discusses the iconoclastic conflicts and the connection among the icons and the humans. targeting this and at the numerous contexts within which the relationships have been enacted, Oliver unearths how the cemís have been critical to the workout of local political strength. Such cemís have been thought of an immediate probability to the hegemony of the Spanish conquerors, as those powerful gadgets have been obvious as allies within the local resistance to the onslaught of Christendom with its icons of saints and virgins.
 

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Extra info for Caciques and Cemí Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers Between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory)

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The so-called Estilo Intermedio (also named Macao, Punta, or Atajadizo) has been found in association with either or both the Anadel and Boca Chica styles (see Figure 5), with the latter being the immediate precursor of the historic Taíno pottery. In northwestern Hispaniola the presumably earlier Meillac style (Meillacan Ostionoid series) has been found in the same stratigraphic contexts as the later Boca Chica/ Carrier styles, and at contact period sites, such as around La Isabela (Deagan and Cruxent 2002).

Tibes seems to have been replaced by, or perhaps even competed with (at least for some time), another multiple court site known as Jácana (PO-29), located in the Barayama sector, just four kilometers up the Portugués River. Jácana is a recent discovery that will substantially contribute to our understanding of Puerto Rican pre-Columbian history. S. Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) in a property managed by the Department of Natural Resources and Environment–Puerto Rico (Espenshade and Siegel 2007).

This term was also used when addressing strangers of high rank, such as Christopher Columbus (see Oliver 1998:66). Such distinctions of deference and rank do not necessarily translate di- 26 Chapter 2 rectly into a three-tiered hierarchical political structure consisting of paramount caciques and chiefdoms and second- and third-tiered caciques and their smaller, subordinated cacicazgos. , Behechio of Bainoa-Xaraguá or Guarionex in Maguá-Caiabó), their political power and authority were hardly those of an absolute ruler or despot; thus the subordination of other caciques seems to be more a matter of contestation and political wheeling and dealing than is generally recognized.

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