By Richard Garwin (auth.), Professor Dr. Joseph Rotblat, Professor John P. Holdren (eds.)
1989 used to be through any criteria a rare yr: the yr during which the chilly conflict ended. notwithstanding, even if a lot has replaced, a lot is still unresolved or no longer replaced in any respect. even if the explanation for the large army forces has been faraway from the East-West courting, those forces nonetheless maintain an enormous strength to do damage. in addition, threats to peace might develop alongside North-South and South-South axes. An instance of this sort of risk is the quick progress in measurement and class of army arsenals within the South. The contributions to this quantity make it transparent that the issues of East and West, North and South are inter- twined. safeguard might be won in basic terms via cooperation. The individuals, who come from broadly differing geographical, cultural and political backgrounds, all proportion the Pugwash culture of clinical objectivity.
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Additional resources for Building Global Security Through Cooperation: Annals of Pugwash 1989
Many of the technical issues related to accidents that could contribute to crisis escalation that results in inadvertent war are already covered by the preceding discussion of accidental war, and the measures proposed there would, to a considerable degree, ameliorate the risk of inadvertent nuclear war. But this risk is fundamentally a political one, since it depends on adecision to pre-empt made by a top-level, responsible civilian authority. Therefore, everyone agrees that it is essential to avert conventional war for that would provide highly fertile ground for escalation leading to a possible Accidental Nuc1ear War 41 pre-emptive strike.
The classical "preventive war". In the modem era, the preventive war option is associated with the hypothetical possibility that one of the superpowers might plan and initiate an unprovoked nuclear war, most likely under peacetime conditions in order to achieve surprise, in order to destroy its opponent's war-making potential and to eliminate or sharply reduce its ability to compete in the international arena. ) More importantly, however, there was substantial agreement on scenarios that could possibly result in an unintended and unwanted nuclear war and on a variety of factors that could possibly contribute to such wars.
He replied that two important members of the President's advisory group had been unable to cope with the stress of the crisis; they became quite passive and were unable to fulfil their responsibilities. Their condition was very noticeable, however, and others took over their duties. Inability to cope with crisis-induced stress has been reported for other leaders as weIl; Stalin, after the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union, Prime Minister Anthony Eden, at the time of the Suez crisis in 1956, Israeli Army Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin, during the 1967 Middle East crisis, India's Jawaharlal Nehru in 1962, and Egypt's Abdel Nasser in 1967.