By Barbara Palmer
With the main accomplished facts that exists on ladies and congressional elections, Palmer and Simon explore the yankee "political glass ceiling" – how incumbency, technique and redistricting impact the luck of girls applicants for Congress.
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Additional info for Breaking the Political Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections (Women in American Politics) (2006)
14 Between 1970 and 1974, the number of women running in primaries jumped from 42 to 105, the number of women winning primaries increased from 24 to 43, and the number of women winning the general election went from 12 to 18. The timing of this new era coincides with the dawn of the Women’s Movement, marking the beginning of changing attitudes toward 12 The word “sex” as an illegal category of discrimination was added at the last minute by Representative Howard Smith (D-VA). The prevailing wisdom is that he did this in order to make the bill too radical and ensure its failure; Davis, 1991, 38–45.
37 Witt, Paget, and Matthews, 1995, 285. 38 Quoted from Foerstel and Foerstel, 1996, 53. 39 Foerstel and Foerstel, 1996, 53. 40 Bob Woodward, The Agenda: Inside the Clinton White House (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 300. 41 Woodward, 1994, 300–2. 42 Foerstel, 1999, 172. See also Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky, A Woman’s Place: The Freshmen Women Who Changed the Face of Congress (New York: Crown, 1994). ”45 For the ﬁrst time in four decades, Republicans took control of the House and the Senate.
After all, we’ve been voting for boobs long enough”; quoted from Witt, Paget, and Matthews, 20. 84 Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Blanche Lincoln (D-AR), Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), and Patty Murray (D-WA). 85 William March and Keith Epstein, “Bile Flows as Tight Senate Race Heads to End,” Tampa Tribune, October 29, 2004, 1. 86 March and Epstein, 2004, 1. 87 Jim Rutenberg, “An Idea, with 4 Words, That Was Supposed to Soothe the Tone of Ads but Did Not,” New York Times, October 30, 2004, 15.