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By S.A. Stehlin

Many historians have involved themselves with the founding of the German Empire in 1871 and the potential used to unite the disparate sections of Germany, a lot of which had older traditions than did Bismarck's Prussia. Understandably writers have given extra awareness to the victor than to the vanquished. with the exception of polemicists who search to end up the inaccurate performed or to vindicate the motion taken, students were attracted to writing approximately developments that have been to turn into major within the new Reich, in regards to the new governmental constitution itself, and in regards to the international relations and statesmanship which have been used to shape the recent German countryside. however the consolidation of many diverging strands of political, monetary, and social traditions within the new kingdom left many matters unsolved and in reality looked as if it would create new ones. a lot of those difficulties, whereas now not openly affecting the fundamental define of German heritage, have still motivated it and became every now and then severe issues of shock for the Reich Chancellor. one of many difficulties used to be the specter of particularist sentiment to the nationwide solidarity which Bismarck used to be attempting to create. even if there has been an knowledge between a few 19th century Ger­ mans of a selected German nationality, nearly all of humans didn't imagine by way of a German solidarity yet appeared themselves as Bavarians, Saxons, or belonging to a couple different Stamm, or tribal subdivision of the Germans.

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Extra resources for Bismarck and the Guelph Problem 1866–1890: A Study in Particularist Opposition to National Unity

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L The Guelphs had not given up hope that they would eventually return as rulers to their kingdom, and until such time they gladly accepted the offer of asylum granted by the Austrian Emperor. Since George had tied the fate of his country so closely with that of Austria, it was only natural that he should travel there to seek a haven. In addition, the Guelphs 1 Leffler, p. 69. PRUSSIAN NEGOTIATIONS WITH KING GEORGE 49 had always considered themselves as Germans; thus they felt more at home in Vienna, where they could also be in contact with the affairs going on in Germany, than they would anywhere outside of Germany such as in England.

1866 47 about conscience, honor, sincerity, and word of honor were so thoroughly different that I will hardly willingly exchange another word with him .... " 96 By the end of 1866 both sides were still miles apart in viewpoint. Prussia was the victor, but some Hanoverians were determined to remain loyal to their former monarch and to make known their dissatisfaction with the annexation. These Hanoverians heeded the warnings of George to regard all Prussian laws as null and void, and it was from these former subjects that George was able to draw enough support to initiate a program of opposition to Prussia which was to become known as the Guelph Movement.

In addition, the Guelphs 1 Leffler, p. 69. PRUSSIAN NEGOTIATIONS WITH KING GEORGE 49 had always considered themselves as Germans; thus they felt more at home in Vienna, where they could also be in contact with the affairs going on in Germany, than they would anywhere outside of Germany such as in England. In Vienna George and his immediate entourage settled in the outskirts of the capital, in the suburb of the city called Hietzing. George set up a rather luxurious court in exile similar to that which had existed in Hanover.

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