Download Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium by Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee, Board on PDF

By Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Space Studies Board, National Research Council, Astronomy, Astrophysics Survey Committee

In this new publication, a amazing panel makes strategies for the nation's courses in astronomy and astrophysics, together with a couple of new projects for gazing the universe. With the target of optimal worth, the ideas deal with the position of federal learn organizations, allocation of investment, education for scientists, festival and collaboration between area amenities, and lots more and plenty more.

The publication identifies the main urgent technological know-how questions and explains how particular efforts, from the following iteration area Telescope to theoretical reviews, can help display the solutions. Discussions of the way rising details applied sciences may also help scientists make feel of the wealth of information on hand also are included.

Astronomy has major influence on technological know-how usually in addition to on public mind's eye. The committee discusses how you can combine astronomical discoveries into our schooling process and our nationwide life.

In getting ready the New Millennium file, the AASC made use of a sequence of panel stories that deal with a number of points of flooring- and space-based astronomy and astrophysics. those studies offer in-depth technical detail.

Astronomy and Astrophysics within the New Millenium: An Overview summarizes the technology targets and instructed projects in a quick, richly illustrated, non-technical booklet.

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Extra info for Astronomy and Astrophysics in the New Millennium

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How did the universe begin? Recent evidence indicates that the expansion of the universe is accelerat- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 32 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM ing—what is the nature of the “dark energy” causing the acceleration? Most of the matter in the universe is invisible, and the nature of this dark matter remains a mystery. At present there is a vast gap in our knowledge of the evolution of the universe between the time at which the cosmic background radiation was produced, about 300,000 years after the Big Bang, and the time at which the most distant known galaxies emitted the light we see today, about a billion years later.

Addressing them will require interactions of astronomy with many other disciplines, including physics, mathematics, computer science, and biology. The interaction with physics is particularly important since all objects in the universe—and indeed the universe itself—are governed by the same fundamental physical laws. Answering these questions will alter the perception of our place in the universe, just as the advent of the heliocentric theory did centuries ago. The search for the answers can also capture the imagination of the public and inspire interest in science, thereby helping to create a more scientifically literate citizenry.

It is critical that an accuracy of a few microarcseconds for wide-angle measurements be achieved in order to address a wide variety of fundamental problems throughout the decade. S. S. astronomers the chance to observe the entire far-infrared and submillimeter regions of the spectrum with no impediments from the residual atmosphere that can hinder observing from airborne platforms. The committee also endorses NASA’s decision to continue to operate the Hubble Space Telescope at a reduced cost until the end of the decade to maintain the capability for critical space-based ultraviolet and optical observations.

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