By Tai-Chee Wong, Jonathan Rigg
This quantity explores how migration is enjoying a valuable function within the renewing and transforming of city areas within the quickly transforming into and speedily altering towns of Asia. Migration developments in Asia entered a brand new section within the Nineties following the tip of the chilly struggle which marked the arrival of a renewed section of globalization. towns became centrally implicated in globalization tactics and, hence, became items and websites of excessive study.
The individuals to this e-book consider the impression and importance of migration with a specific specialize in the contested areas which are rising in city contexts and the commercial, social, spiritual and cultural domain names with which they intersect. in addition they examines the jobs and results of alternative types of migration within the cauldron of city switch, from low-skilled family migrants who preserve an in depth engagement with their rural houses, to hugely skilled/professional transnational migrants, to felony and unlawful foreign migrants who arrive with the desire of remodeling their livelihoods.
Providing a mosaic of insights into the hyperlinks among migration, marginalization and contestation in Asia’s city contexts, Asian towns, Migrant hard work and Contested Spaces can be of curiosity to scholars and students of Asian experiences, migration reports, city reports and human geography.
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Extra resources for Asian Cities, Migrant Labor and Contested Spaces
In Chapter 11, Jianfa Shen examines migrant labour under the Chinese hukou system through a case study of Guangdong Province. Large-scale rural to urban migration without formal hukou (household registration) transfer has characterized China’s migration revolution since the 1980s, and Guangdong, which has undergone remarkably rapid industrial and urban transformation, has become a magnet for migrants from all over the country. As a society with a system that explicitly divides people between rural and urban through their hukou designation as either ‘agricultural population’ or ‘non-agricultural population’, an important research question is whether an individual’s mobility and migration outcome are constrained and affected by their hukou status.
He notes the co-presence of both inclusion and exclusion of migrants in Asian cities. Economic reform provides a powerful structural explanation for the changing labour flows in countries across the Asian region, but most significantly – because of their sheer size – in China and India. This has propelled an increase in transborder flows of both higher-circuit skilled and lower-circuit unskilled workers, elements of the migration story which are explored in Part II of this book. More significant, however, has been the increase in domestic migration flows, mainly rural-urban but also rural-rural.
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