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By Anthony Vinci

This new publication presents a framework for knowing the diplomacy of armed teams, together with terrorist businesses, insurgencies and warlords, which play an more and more important role within the foreign procedure. particularly, the booklet argues that such teams could be understood as playing the stability of strength with states and different armed teams, as they're empirically sovereign non-state actors which are prompted by means of the pursuit of strength and exist as a part of an anarchic, self-help process. This considerably new method bargains a renewed conceptualization of Neorealism, and gives new insights into debates approximately sovereignty, non-state actors, new wars, counterterrorism, and counterinsurgency. The procedure is illustrated via case reviews on Somali warlords, the protection advanced among the Lord’s Resistance military (LRA), Sudanese People’s Liberation military (SPLA), Sudan and Uganda, in addition to Al Qaeda. The ebook offers insights into such matters as how non-state actors might be built-in into structural theories of diplomacy, and likewise deals pragmatic methodologies for the overseas coverage or army practitioner, comparable to easy methods to top deter terrorists.

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Additional info for Armed Groups and the Balance of Power: The International Relations of Terrorists, Warlords and Insurgents

Sample text

With larger forces, this may involve multiple layers of leadership where orders are sent down via electronic communications and intelligence delivered back up to the top via the same channels. Once communicated, orders in armed groups are generally carried out based on the authority discussed above. e. through discipline based on the threat of punishment. With the ability to direct troops in place, an armed group must develop a strategy and set of tactics with which to manage warfare. 29 In some cases, they seem to fight with essentially no strategy and few tactics other than random shooting, as is often said about warlords of the Liberian and Sierra Leonean conflicts.

Finally, there is a time-consistency problem, in which soldiers have to fight before they achieve their objective (or attain benefits). This means that while it is easy for the leader to promise benefits, individuals recognize that he may not be trustworthy and that promises may not be made good after victory. These problems are compounded in a dynamic environment like, for instance, Somalia where it is difficult to predict the future. Broadly speaking, these problems can be overcome and people can be motivated to fight in four ways: they can fight out of a sense of loyalty; they may feel that fighting is mutually beneficial for survival (usually because of a mutual enemy); they may simply be forced to fight; and finally, there may be economic 22 Armed groups incentives to fight.

This is apparent in well-organized armed groups like the SPLA. Even when an armed group may seem like a chaotic jumble of selfservant warlords, there is often still a structure in place. For instance, while the NPFL may not have been the most effectively governed organization, Charles Taylor’s men did not completely run wild. 31 At the other extreme, terrorist groups like Al Qaeda have the capacity to carry out extremely well planned, long-term operations. The exact structure of armed group organizations may differ from that of states and this may at first glance may appear to be a problem.

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