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By Michael Haslam, Gail Robertson, Alison Crowther, Sue Nugent, Luke Kirkwood

Those hugely diverse experiences, spanning the area, reveal how a lot sleek analyses of microscopic strains on artifacts are changing our perceptions of the previous. starting from early people to trendy kings, from old Australian spears or Mayan pots to contemporary Maori cloaks, the contributions reveal how starches, raphides, hair, blood, feathers, resin and DNA became crucial parts in archaeology’s sleek arsenal for reconstructing the day-by-day, non secular, and demanding features of old lives and for realizing human evolution. The ebook is a becoming tribute to Tom Loy, the pioneer of residue reports and proficient instructor who encouraged and mentored those intriguing initiatives.

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Additional info for Archaeological Science Under a Microscope: Studies in Residue and Ancient DNA Analysis in Honour of Thomas H. Loy

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Mitterer and Cunningham (1985:17) state that organic material interacts with calcium carbonate systems in two ways: (i) adsorption of the organic material to calcium carbonate surfaces, and (ii) complexation or chelation of free cations by dissolved or adsorbed organic material. If clay bonds to blood residues and calcite bonds weakly to clay, a protective shield for the blood residues may result. Furthermore the crystallised form of calcite can help protect the clay and blood from degradative processes through the tight packing of crystals and continual growth from solution and further sequestration of the proteins away from the active soil environment (Jones 1998).

Direct evidence for the use of ochre in the hafting technology of Middle Stone Age tools from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African Humanities 18(1):57-67. Lombard, M. 2006b. First impressions on the functions and hafting technology of Still Bay pointed artefacts from Sibudu Cave. Southern African Humanities 18(1):27-41. Lombard, M. 2007a. Archaeological use-trace analyses of stone tools from South Africa. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Johannesburg: School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand.

As a result of the developing karst landscape the surface became unstable in areas with the production of narrow slots (or avens) and eroded surficial sections, allowing the influx of fragmented rocks, fauna, clays and other detrital material. The total exposure of the Sterkfontein caves is approximately 65 x 35 m (Wilkinson 1983), and the opening of the Sterkfontein cave is convoluted, with large dolomite overhangs and treacherous secreted holes (Figure 3). More than 500 hominid-associated fossils have been recovered from the brecciated infills.

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