By Chris Gosden
Anthropolgy and Archaeology presents a helpful and much-needed advent to the theories and strategies of those inter-related subjects.
This quantity covers the ancient courting and modern pursuits of archaeology and anthropology. It takes a extensive historic strategy, surroundings the early historical past of the disciplines with the colonial interval in which the Europeans encountered and tried to make feel of many different peoples. It indicates how the themes are associated via their curiosity in kinship, economics and symbolism, and discusses what every one give a contribution to debates approximately gender, fabric tradition and globalism within the post-colonial world.
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Additional info for Anthropology and Archaeology: A Changing Relationship
The reasons for this divergence tell us a considerable amount about the nature of the methods, theories and social milieu of each discipline, providing insights that could not be had if each were looked at in isolation. The foundation of a new discipline requires two sets of developments. The first concerns the so-called source-side of the discipline: the bodies of evidence to be investigated. Such investigations require a set of distinctive questions to be formulated to tackle the new research area, which may in itself require theoretical advances to be made.
Right from the start we have the notion of the White Man’s burden, one of the ultimate ironies of colonial rule. From the voyages of Columbus onwards the medieval worldview suffered enormous challenges leading gradually from ‘generalised accounts of human behaviour in terms of individual psychological dispositions to an ethical sociology grounded in empirical observation . . [and distinguished] by anthropological and historical relativism’ (Pagden 1982: 1). This is the story we need to trace: how it has come to be taken for granted that all social forms live by their own logics and have ways of life which are internally consistent and which cannot be judged by a single Greco-Christian standard.
The societies and clubs, such as those to which Pitt Rivers belonged, had restricted entry but conferred no qualifications or license to practice. This gave way to a landscape dominated by the universities as means of training and entry into archaeology and anthropology, which grew up alongside the old network of learned societies and clubs. 1 (conted) 1910 Chair of Ethnology, LSE 1910 (Seligmann) Institute of Archaeology, London 1937 (Wheeler) Abercromby chair, Edinburgh 1926 (Childe) Disney Professorship Cambridge salaried 1926 (Minns) Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Cambridge 1910 Society for American Archaeology 1935 Oriental Institute, Chicago 1919 1950 1940 Chair of Anthropology, Manchester 1949 (Gluckman) Chair of European Archaeology, Oxford 1946 (Hawkes) First full-time Director, Institute of Archaeology, London 1946 (Childe) Chair of Archaeology of the Roman Empire, Oxford 1946 (Richmond) 40 Histories kinship, relatedness and enmity between institutions and people, or at the micro-level where ethnography can be carried out on the lifestyles and mores of academics at work (Latour and Woolgar 1986).