By Edward M. Barrows
"Words are our instruments, and, at the least, we should always use fresh instruments. we should always understand what we suggest and what we don't, and we needs to forearm ourselves opposed to the traps that language units us."
-- the necessity for distinctive Terminology, Austin (1957, 7–8)
It follows that, for powerful and effective verbal exchange, humans must have, or at the least comprehend, a similar unique terminology. Such terminology is important for the development of easy, theoretical, and utilized technological know-how, but too frequently there's ambiguity among clinical and customary definitions or even discrepancies within the clinical literature.
Providing a standard flooring and platform for distinctive medical conversation in animal habit, ecology, evolution, and comparable branches of biology, Animal habit table Reference, A Dictionary of habit, Ecology, and Evolution, 3rd Edition comprises greater than 800 new phrases and definitions, forty eight new figures, and millions of additives and enhancements.
Using a dictionary structure to give definitions in a customary, simply available demeanour, the book’s major physique emphasizes conceptual phrases, instead of anatomical elements or taxonomic phrases, and makes a speciality of nouns, instead of verbs or adjectives. time period hierarchies are dealt with with bulleted entries and phrases with a number of definitions are integrated as superscripted entries. All assets are brought up and so much are paraphrased to comply to uniform kind and length.
The dictionary additionally contains nontechnical and out of date phrases, synonyms, pronunciations, and notes and reviews, in addition to etymologies, time period originators, and comparable proof. Appendices handle organism names, businesses, and databases.
Devoted to the suitable and proper use of clinical language, this 3rd variation of a bestselling standard allows scholars and scientists alike to speak their findings and advertise the effective development of science.
Read Online or Download Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Third Edition PDF
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Extra info for Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Third Edition
Helping behavior, help, helpingâ•… See behavior: helping behavior. 15 altruism investment human reciprocityâ•… See altruism: reciprocal altruism. imposed altruismâ•… n. Altruism (def. , manipulation of an animal’s behavior by an adult that adopts it, and manipulation of behavior and resources of others by dominant animals [coined by West Eberhard 1975, 17]. kin altruismâ•… n. An organism’s altruism towards only its kin (Fletcher 1987, 23). v. kin selectionâ•… See selection: kin selection. low-cost altruismâ•… n.
Syn. last common ancestor (Vigilant et al. 1991, 1504) common ancestorâ•… n. A species that gave rise to one, or more, new species (Mayr 1982, 466). Comment: The common-ancestor concept replaced the concept of “morphological type” or “archetype” as understanding of evolution improved (Mayr 1982, 466). ♦âŽ¦ancestralâ•… adj. Referring to the earliest stage in ontogeny, or development, of an organ or system (Lincoln et al. 1985). syn. original, primordial, primary, primitive (Lincoln et al. “Early; simple; poorly developed; unspecialized” (Lincoln et al.
Androcyclic parthenogenesisâ•… See parthenogenesis: androcyclic parthenogenesis. ♦âŽ¦androgamyâ•… See -gamy: androgamy. ♦âŽ¦androgenâ•… See hormone: androgen. ♦âŽ¦androgenesisâ•… See parthenogenesis: androgenesis. A 18 androgenous A ♦âŽ¦androgenousâ•… See -genous: androgenous. ♦âŽ¦androgyneâ•… See hermaphrodite. ♦âŽ¦androgynous, androgynal, androgynicâ•… adj. Referring to an individual organism that has characteristics of both males and females (Oxford English Dictionary 1972, entries from 1651).