By Iain McLean (auth.)
Iain McLean reexamines the unconventional legacy of AdamSmith, arguing that Smith was once an intensive egalitarian and that his paintings supported all 3 of the slogans of the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. McLean means that Smith's the idea of ethical Sentiments , released in 1759, crystallized the extensively egalitarian philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment. This publication brings Smith into complete view, displaying how a lot of recent economics and political technological know-how is in Smith. the writer locates Smith's background firmly in the context of the Enlightenment, whereas addressing the overseas hyperlinks among American, French, and Scottish histories of political thought.
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Additional info for Adam Smith, Radical and Egalitarian: An Interpretation for the Twenty-First Century
2 A Weak State and a Weak Church Francis Hutcheson, Adam Smith and David Hume lived under a weak state and a weak church. If they had not, Smith and Hume might have been unable to publish their devastating demolitions of politics, economics and religion as they found them. Had they depended on the universities of Oxford or Cambridge rather than Edinburgh or Glasgow, they might have been silenced as effectively as their great predecessor John Locke. Locke fled to the Netherlands in 1683 as the political climate in England became more hostile to him and his friends, was expelled from his Oxford fellowship in 1684 and did not publish his great work in philosophy and politics until after the change of regime - the 'Glorious Revolution', which his work was seen to justify - in 1689.
Painting is very much encourag'd here, for there is a school on purpose for it, another for Sculpture & another for Engraving. (H. 1758, quoted in Hook and Sher 1995, p. 10) Wyndham caught a difference in style between Oxbridge and the Scottish universities that persists to this day. f-g, his strong preference for the Scottish model. Glasgow University in his time featured an extraordinary galaxy of talents, given its tiny size by modern standards. As well as Smith, there was his friend Joseph Black, chemist and medical researcher, who discovered the principle of latent heat; the laboratory technician James Watt; and the printers Robert and Andrew Foulis, sponsors of the painting school and printers of what are generally reckoned to be the finest books produced in Scotland.
B. Of course Scotland was not a colony. But much of what Smith says about the benign effects of distant government in the American colonies also applied in his own country: Thirdly, the labour of the English colonists is not only likely to afford a greater and more valuable produce, but, in consequence of the moderation of their taxes, a greater proportion of this produce belongs to themselves, which they may store up and employ in putting into motion a still greater quantity of labour. The English colonists have never yet contributed anything towards the defence of the mother country, or towards the support of its civil government.