By Nikolay Milkov (auth.)
This e-book is a historic research of the top philosophical flow in England within the 20th century. In seven chapters, the highbrow improvement of the main widespread representatives of analytic philosophy-Moore, Russell and Wittgenstein in Cambridge, and Ryle, Austin, Strawson and Dummett in Oxford-is traced. The ebook doesn't target, even though, at providing a narrative. this implies, specifically, that generalisations and conclusions are decreased to a minimum-an procedure followed in an endeavour to ward off the chance of subjectivism that examining the philosophers less than scrutiny could impose. My desire is that by means of following this aproach, my inves tigation will stimulate readers to make their very own generalisations and conclusions at the foundation of the objectively offered info. in its place, my objective is to articulate a ideal, complete description of the phil osophical texts of the seven most vital analytic philosophers in England within the 20th century. For this function, all their articles and books were sifted via with a view to decide upon the main consultant elements. For noticeable purposes, basically the chapters on Russell and Wittgenstein, and-to a lesser extent-the bankruptcy on Moore, are extra theoretical.
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Additional info for A Hundred Years of English Philosophy
66) Thus propositions are involved in every act of knowing. Moore's proof of the primacy of propositions reads as follows. When, for example, we believe that our hat is hanging up in the hall, we do not have only images in mind; we are either sure that it is there, or at least hesitate, or doubt, that there is something other than these images. Consequently, every image presupposes a proposition. Moore, however, is clear that the immediate knowledge of propositions is something quite different from the apprehension of sense-data.
5. EPISTEMOLOGY AND TRUTH (I) MOORE'S FIRST EPISTEMOLOGY. After finishing Principia Ethica, Moore's work followed two directions: (a) case-by-case studies of what on earth a given philosopher means by such-and-such an expression; (b) clearing up the minimal conceptual scheme in epistemology. The two lines of investigation in fact run parallel to one another. 20 In June 1912 he wrote to Russell: 'I have just been reading a part of Moore's Principia Ethica: (now please don't be shocked) I do not like it at all.
14 Other Indefinables. The concepts of colour are also indefinables. Indeed, the next example of a 'naturalistic fallacy' given in Principia Ethica, after that concerning good and bad, is from the realm of colours: yellow as a light-vibration is not be confused with what we perceive (p. 10). Further indefinables are the numbers. Other indefinables are the concepts of true and false. In 'The Nature of Judgement' Moore assumed that 'what kind of relation makes a proposition true, what false, cannot be further defined, but must be immediately recognised' (1899c, p.